مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله Reduction of tinnitus in rat animal model using photobiomodulation
Background and Aim : Both inhibition as well as stimulation of biological processes could be therapeutically useful, so the term photobiomodulation (PBM) is being accepted instead of low level laser therapy. Tinnitus is a conscious phantom perception of sound in the absence of a corresponding external acoustic stimulus. The efficacy of PBM on treatment of tinnitus in majority of human clinical studies was reported only by some tinnitus questionnaires as well as the laser parameters which used for therapy were too wide. On the other hand in these studies the authors did not indicate whether excitatory or inhibitory effect of laser light was intended for treatment of tinnitus. These gaps encouraged us to work on rat animal models using objective evaluative tools, optimizing laser parameters as well as identifying therapeutic mechanism of PBM. Several theories have been proposed to explain the mechanisms underlying tinnitus. This research is based on neural plasticity theory (Salvi 2000). According to this theory loss of afferent auditory inputs in peripheral auditory pathways of tinnitus sufferers leads to compensatory changes in central auditory system. These changes include a down regulation in inhibitory system and an up regulation in excitatory system. Accordingly the hypothesis of this project is based on the ability of laser light to modulate these compensatory changes and to reestablish inhibition/excitation balance.Methods : The first phase of project is photoacoustic stimulation of auditory nerve in normal and noise induced tinnitus rats. Optical stimulation was described as a possible alternative to electrical stimulation in cochlear prosthesis and the ability of laser light to evoke auditory potentials was confirmed in many researches. The hypothesis of this part is that if low level laser be able to evoke auditory potentials in tinnitus rats; it seems to be logical to expect therapeutic effect of it in tinnitus. Since the duration of tinnitus in majority of human cases is more than three months, chronic type of tinnitus will be induced by noise trauma in animal models. The laser device is MDL-lll-808 IR from CNI Company which was synchronized with Audiology Lab Electrophysiology instrument. This device will be used for registering electro encephalographic (EEG) waves simultaneous to irradiation. Auditory brain stem response (ABR) will be derived offline using MATLAB software. Arising tinnitus and absence of hearing loss in animals will be confirmed by startle test. In the second part of phase 1 therapeutic PBM protocol (specified in main text) will be performed in tinnitus rats and the results will be evaluated by startle test.Results : During the second phase three tests will be performed before and after therapy to objectively confirm therapeutic effect of PBM. Single unit registration will identify alteration of single neuron firing; Western blot technique will determine protein changes and immunohistochemistry tests will identify changes of Doublecortin as a biomarker of neural plasticity. Conclusion : At the end of this project therapeutic effect of PBM on chronic tinnitus in rat animal model will be objectively determine and this can potentially lead to new treatment approaches in human tinnitus sufferers.
neural plasticity - photobiomodulation- tinnitus
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Montazeri, Katayoon and Farhadi, Mohammad and Mahmoudian, Saied,1398,Reduction of tinnitus in rat animal model using photobiomodulation,8th basic and clinical neuroscience congress,Tehran,https://civilica.com/doc/976787
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برای بار اول: (1398, Montazeri, Katayoon؛ Mohammad Farhadi and Saied Mahmoudian
برای بار دوم به بعد: (1398, Montazeri؛ Farhadi and Mahmoudian
برای آشنایی کامل با نحوه مرجع نویسی لطفا بخش راهنمای سیویلیکا (مرجع دهی)
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