Measuring the Accuracy and Precision of Random Forest, Long Short-Term Memory, and Recurrent Neural Network Models in Predicting the Top and Bottom of Bitcoin price

سال انتشار: 1402
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 74

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تاریخ نمایه سازی: 19 بهمن 1401

چکیده مقاله:

The purpose of the present research is to use machine learning models to predict the price of Bitcoin, representing the cryptocurrency market. The price prediction model can be considered as the most important component in algorithmic trading. The performance of machine learning and its models, due to the nature of price behavior in financial markets, have been reported to be well in studies. In this respect, measuring and comparing the accuracy and precision of random forest (RF), long-short-term memory (LSTM), and recurrent neural network (RNN) models in predicting the top and bottom of Bitcoin prices are the main objectives of the present study. The approach to predicting top and bottom prices using machine learning models can be considered as the innovative aspect of this research, while many studies seek to predict prices as time series, simple, or logarithmic price returns. Pricing top and bottom data as target variables and technical analysis indicators as feature variables in the ۱-hour time frame from ۱/۱/۲۰۱۸ to ۶/۳۱/۲۰۲۲ served as input to the mentioned models for learning. Validation and testing are presented and used. ۷۰% of the data are considered learning data, ۲۰% as validation data, and the remaining ۱۰% as test data. The result of this research shows over ۸۰% accuracy in predicting the top and bottom Bitcoin price, and the random forest model’s prediction is more accurate than the LSTM and RNN models.

کلیدواژه ها:


Mohsen Seighaly

Assistant Professor, Department of Financial Management, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran

emad koosha

Financial engineering Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Financial Management, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran

Ebrahim Abbasi

Associate Professor, Department of management, faculty of social sciences and economics, ALzahra University,Tehran, Iran