Ten Years Spread of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infections in South East of Iran

سال انتشار: 1400
نوع سند: مقاله کنفرانسی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 129

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تاریخ نمایه سازی: 20 دی 1401

چکیده مقاله:

Background and aim: AIDS is one of the major health issues in Iran, especially in south eastern regions. This research aimed to investigate risk factors related to HIV during a ۱۰-year period of time .Materials and method: In this case-control study, ۱۰۳ patients and ۲۴۲ healthy subjects under cover of Zahedan University of Medical Sciences have been investigated during ۲۰۰۸-۲۰۱۸. Cases and Controls were matched by age. Data have been collected by interview and questionnaire. Data have entered to SPSS.ver.۲۴, and have been analyzed by independent t, Chi-square tests. Significant leval was ۰.۰۵ in all tests .Results: The mean age of patients was ۴۰.۸۲± ۹.۵, which is significantly higher than the mean age of the control group. Significant differences were observed between the two groups in terms of sex, age, education and employment, drug and tobacco use, high-risk behaviors, history of illness in relatives and health status. ۵۶.۲% of the patient sample are men.۲۲.۵% of the case group are illiterate, but this proportion is only ۶.۷% in the control group. More than ۹۵% of subjects of the case group were unemployed or had a job or were self-employed. Had lower socio-economic status.۳۱.۴% of the case group and only ۲.۴% of the control group have used drugs. The patients in the patient group had a difference of about ۳ points more than the control group in more risky behaviors such as unsafe sex, injecting drug use, sedation and ۶۸.۸% had sex with different sexual partners, while this rate was ۵.۷% in the control group. This epidemiological study showed that having a history of sexual intercourse with multiple partners (۹۵: ۱۰.۸۱۸ – ۷.۴: ۹۵% CI, OR = ۸۶.۸) with a coefficient of ۴.۴۶ explains the highest chance of contracting the disease. There was no significant difference between the knowledge levels of the two groups about AIDS, hookah use, and marital status of condom use.Conclusion: History of sexual intercourse is the main cause of HIV infection in people under cover of Zahedan Medical Science University. In addition to this factor, positive attitude toward disease, having risky behaviors, education and health status have crucial roles in HIV infection.

کلیدواژه ها:

AIDS ، human immunodeficiency virus infection ، sexual intercourse


Majid Sartipi

Health Promotions Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

Abolfazl Payendeh

Community based Nursing Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

Abbas Ramazanpour Amirdeh

Student Research Committee, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran- Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Shayan Alijanpour

Research and Planning Unit, Pre-hospital Emergency Organization and Emergency Medical Service Center, Babol University of Medical Science, Babol, Iran- Student Scientific Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Scien