مشخصات ساختاری در ارائه های کنفرانس گویشوران غیر بومی زبان انگلیسی: بررسی کاربرد ساختار مجهول و شبه گسسته

سال انتشار: 1398
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 298

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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_JALDA-7-2_009

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 20 بهمن 1398

چکیده مقاله:

Acquiring proficiency in academic genres is a key factor in research community. Among various genres in academic discourse communities, spoken genre, especially Conference Presentations (CPs), play a crucial role in research communities, though investigation on this important genre is in its infancy or is relatively under-researched. Therefore, the present study aims to shed light on the importance of two most frequently used structures in CPs, passive voice, and pseudo-cleft. To this end, 600 minutes of Iranian international CPs were recorded and then transcribed. The rate of employment of the structures, and the effect of gender and university degree of presenters were estimated. The results of the chi square analysis of the data suggested that although rate of use of passive voice was higher than pseudo-cleft, the differences between males and females, and graduates and postgraduates were minor and hence gender and university degree did not significantly influence the rate of use of the structures. Since passive voice and pseudo-cleft are two of the most important structures in academic genre, the results of the present study have obvious importance in increasing conference presenters and lecturers’ awareness of the employment of the structures efficiently.

نویسندگان

Minoo Alemi

Associate Professor of Applied Linguistics, Islamic Azad University, West Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

Neda Khanlarzadeh

PhD Candidate of Applied Linguistics, Allameh Tabataba i University, Tehran, Iran