Synthesis of High Solid-Content Anisotropic Nanoparticles by Cosurfactant Free Microemulsion Polymerization

سال انتشار: 1388
نوع سند: مقاله کنفرانسی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 1,431

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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

ICHEC06_517

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 1 مهر 1388

چکیده مقاله:

The objective of this study was to produce the finest anisotrpic nano-particles through microemulsion polymerization. For this purpose we tried to develop a process, which yields a high solid content (HSC) and properly stable latex, despite the absence of co-surfactant. It is also considered that for being functional in the further applications, the resulting seed particles must be less than 50 nm in diameter. To achieve this goal, effect of variables such as surfactant and monomer concentrations and temperature on number average particle diameter was investigated. The HSC seed latex showed 32.3 nm of average particle diameter with the solid content of 25%, although other experiments with lower solid contents yielded smaller particles. These particles were later swelled by MMA monomer to form polystyrene/poly methyl methacrylate (PS/PMMA) interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs). The consequent anisotropy was denoted to phase separation of second stage monomer from seed particle during the swelling and polymerization period. Other than chemical anisotropy of immiscible polymer pairs, reaction temperature and crosslink density are the most influential parameters on the final particle morphology. The average diameters of anisotropic particles were always smaller than 100 nm.

کلیدواژه ها:

Microemulsion- HSC latex- Nanoparticle- Anisotrpic particle- Seed polymerization

نویسندگان

Sepehr Mastour Tehrani

Polymer Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, ۴۰۴ Hafez Ave, Tehran, Iran

Hormoz Eslami

Polymer Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, ۴۰۴ Hafez Ave, Tehran, Iran

Saeed Pourmahdian

Polymer Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, ۴۰۴ Hafez Ave, Tehran, Iran