Online Turbidimetric Monitoring of the Polymerization Process: Early Stages of VDF Polymerizations in Supercritical CO2

سال انتشار: 1387
نوع سند: مقاله کنفرانسی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 1,280

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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

NICEC12_442

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 30 شهریور 1387

چکیده مقاله:

Supercritical CO2 (sc-CO2) offers a promising alternative medium for current methods of poly(vinylidene difluoride) (PVDF) production in organic solvents or emulsion polymerizations, eliminating wastewater generation and high energy cost for polymer drying. VDF polymerizations conducted in sc-CO2 are showing an induction period at the beginning of the reaction, which is not yet well understood. In this work, the early stages of VDF polymerizations in sc-CO2 were successfully investigated using online turbidimetric monitoring of the reaction medium. The onset time of turbidity was used to indicate the start of polymerization and to measure induction times. Different trends of turbidity change were observed for the reactions at different temperatures. Average values of 7, 5, 3.5 and 15.5 min were obtained for the onset times of turbidity for polymerizations at 40, 50, 75 and 115 °C, respectively. With increasing of the initiator concentration and reaction temperature at the otherwise the same conditions, the onset time of turbidity were decreased, implying that the higher concentration of the initiating radicals causes faster increase of the polymer particles, and hence faster increase of the reaction medium turbidity. Negligible values of conversions (< 0.05%) at the onset times of turbidity indicated the high sensitivity of the method.

نویسندگان

Reza Najja

Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

Jürgen Ellmann

Huntsman Textile Effects GmbH, Rehlingerstr

Uwe Beginn

University of Osnabrück, Institute of Organic Chemistry

Martin Möller

German Wool Research Institute (DWI), Aachen University of Technology (RWTH), Aachen, Germany

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