Effect of Reaction Temperature and Type of Catalyst on Hydrogen Production in Supercritical Water Gasification of Biomass

سال انتشار: 1391
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 816

فایل این مقاله در 8 صفحه با فرمت PDF قابل دریافت می باشد

استخراج به نرم افزارهای پژوهشی:

لینک ثابت به این مقاله:

شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_IJEE-3-3_001

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 1 اردیبهشت 1393

چکیده مقاله:

The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of hydrogen production from sugarcane bagasse by supercritical water gasification (SCWG) at low temperature and in presence of alkali catalyst.Experiments were carried out in a batch autoclave reactor at 400 °C and 9% solid content. Effect of reaction timeand alkali catalyst on gas yield, gas composition, carbon gasification efficiency (CGE) and hydrogen gasification efficiency (HGE) were investigated. Influence of reaction time on gas yield and composition as well as on CGE was found to be insignificant. Extending the reaction time even up to 4 h could not cause anattractive conversion of bagasse. In the presence of catalysts (K CO , KHCO , NaHCO and NaOH), sugarcane 2 3 3 3bagasse was partially gasified in SCW and hydrogen-rich gas containing CO as the main carbon compound 2 was produced. Among the implemented catalysts, K CO was identified to be the most effective for 2 3 improvement of HGE. Use of the catalyst under our experimental conditions, the maximum HGE of 19% was achieved; however the highest CGE occurred with KHCO . Results showed that feed to catalyst ratio of 2 was 3 high enough to reach the greatest possible gasification of hydrogen at 400 °C and 45 min. More CGE and HGE would be possible only by increasing the temperature, pressure and/or reaction time.

نویسندگان

Ebrahimi-Nik Mohammadali

Department of Mechanics of Agricultural Machinery and Mechanization Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Golestan Blvd, Ahvaz, Iran

Mohammad Javad Sheikhdavoodi

Department of Mechanics of Agricultural Machinery and Mechanization Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Golestan Blvd, Ahvaz, Iran

Morteza Almassi

Islamic Azad University, Science and Research branch, Simon Bolivar Blvd, Ashrafi Esfehani Highway, Tehran, Iran

Andrea Kruse

Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Conversion Technology and Life Cycle Assessment of Renewable Resources, University Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany