The Effects of Planning Time Conditions and Writing Type on the Writing Quality of Iranian EFL Writers

سال انتشار: 1399
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 514

فایل این مقاله در 21 صفحه با فرمت PDF قابل دریافت می باشد

استخراج به نرم افزارهای پژوهشی:

لینک ثابت به این مقاله:

شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_RELT-8-2_002

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 4 مرداد 1399

چکیده مقاله:

In the present study, the effects of four planning time conditions (pre-task, extended task, freewriting, and control) were investigated over the quality of expository and argumentative writings of 108 undergraduate EFL writers. The maximum time limit was 30 minutes for all the four groups of the study. The results revealed significantly higher writing quality in the freewriting condition in both argumentative and expository writings. The results also showed that compared with the effects of the writing mode those of the planning time conditions were more decisive on the writing quality. Moreover, argumentative writings were of higher quality than expository writings. Being placed in different writing modes was not decisive in the choice of planning time conditions. The results may have pedagogical implications for EFL writing instructors and theoretical implications for EFL writing researchers.

نویسندگان

Hossein Pourghasemian

English language Center, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Qom University of Technology, Qom, Iran

Mohammad Baqerzadeh Hosseini

English Language Department, Islamic Azad University, Naragh Branch, Iran

مراجع و منابع این مقاله:

لیست زیر مراجع و منابع استفاده شده در این مقاله را نمایش می دهد. این مراجع به صورت کاملا ماشینی و بر اساس هوش مصنوعی استخراج شده اند و لذا ممکن است دارای اشکالاتی باشند که به مرور زمان دقت استخراج این محتوا افزایش می یابد. مراجعی که مقالات مربوط به آنها در سیویلیکا نمایه شده و پیدا شده اند، به خود مقاله لینک شده اند :
  • Breetvelt, I., Van den Bergh, H., &Rijlaarsdam, G. (1994). Relations ...
  • Butterfield, E. C., Hacker, D. J., & Albertson, L. R. ...
  • Collins, A., &Gentner, D. (1980). A framework for a cognitive theory of ...
  • Elbow, P. (1973).Writing without teachers. London, UK: Oxford University Press. ...
  • Elbow, P. (1981).Writing with power: Techniques for mastering writing process. ...
  • Ellis, R. (1987).Interlanguage variability in narrative discourse: Styles shifting in ...
  • Ellis, R. (2005). Planning and task-based performance: Theory and research. ...
  • Ellis, R., & Yuan, F. (2004). The effects of planning ...
  • Flower, L. S., & Hayes, J. R. (1980). The dynamic ...
  • constraints. In L. W. Gregg & E. R. Steinberg (Eds.),Cognitive ...
  • Flower, L. S., & Hayes, J. R. (1981).A cognitive process ...
  • Galbraith, D. (1999). Writing as a knowledge-constituting process. In M. ...
  • Galbraith, D. (2009). Cognitive models of writing. German-as-a-foreign language (GFL) ...
  • Gould, J. D. (1980). Experiments on composing letters: Some facts, ...
  • Hashemi L., & Thomas, B. (2010). Objective PET. Cambridge: Cambridge ...
  • Hayes, J. R. (2006). New directions in writing theory. In ...
  • Hayes, J. & J. Gradwohl Nash. (1996). On the nature ...
  • Jacobs, H. L., Zinkgraf, S. A., Wormuth, D. R., Hartfiel, ...
  • Kellogg, R. T. (1987). Effects of topic knowledge on the ...
  • Kellogg, R. T. (1988). Attentional overload and writing performance: Effects ...
  • Kellogg, R. T. (1990). Effectiveness of prewriting strategies as a ...
  • Kormos, J. (2011). Task complexity and linguistics and discourse features ...
  • Mancho´n, R. M., & Roca de Larios, J. (2007). On ...
  • McCutchen, D. (1996). A capacity theory of writing: Working memory ...
  • Newell, A., & Simon, H. (1972). Human problem solving. Englewood ...
  • Olive, T., & Kellogg, R. T. (2002). Concurrent activation of ...
  • Ong, J. (2014). How do planning time and task conditions ...
  • Ong, J., & Zhang, L. J. (2013).Effects of the manipulation ...
  • Ortega, L. (2005). What do learners plan Learner-driven attention to ...
  • Piolat, A., Kellogg, R. T., &Farioli, F. (2001). The triple ...
  • Rau, P. S., &Sebrechts, M. M. (1996). How initial plans ...
  • Robinson, P. (2007). Task complexity, theory of mind, and intentional ...
  • Roca de Larios, J., Marı´n, J., & Murphy, L. (2001). ...
  • Roca de Larios, J., Mancho´n, R., Murphy, L., &Marı´n, J. ...
  • Roca de Larios, J., Mancho´n, R. M., & Murphy, L. ...
  • Silva, T. & Matsuda, P. K. (2002).Writing. In Schmitt, N. ...
  • Singer, B.D.,& Bashir, A.S. (2004). Developmental variations in writing composition ...
  • Skehan, P. (1996). A framework for the implementation of task-based ...
  • Skehan, P. (1998). A cognitive approach to language learning. Oxford: ...
  • Skehan, P. (2003). Task-based instruction. Language Teaching, 36(1), 1-14. ...
  • Torrance, M., & Jeffery, G. (1999). Writing processes and cognitive ...
  • Tsiriotakis, I. K., Vassilaki, E., Spantidakis, I., &Stavrou, N. A. ...
  • Van den Bergh, H., &Rijlaarsdam, G. (2007). The dynamics of ...
  • Van der Hoeven, J. (1999). Differences in writing performance: Generating ...
  • Wason, P. C. (1980). Specific thoughts on the writing process. ...
  • Whalen, J. & Menard, N. (1995). L1 and L2 writers ...
  • نمایش کامل مراجع