Malaria Elimination Program: Absence of asymptomatic malaria and low parasitic in endemic area of Rudan district, Hormozgan Province, Iran

سال انتشار: 1396
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 431

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تاریخ نمایه سازی: 27 مرداد 1397

چکیده مقاله:

Introduction: Malaria is a major global public health problem and a leading cause ofmorbidity and mortality in many countries. Malaria elimination is the common goal ofWorld Health Organization and the health system in Iran. Following a decline in malariacases in recent years, the malaria elimination program, technically supported by theWHO, has initiated since 2009 in Iran. In order to successfully implement a malariaelimination program, all positive cases particularly low parasitemia and asymptomaticcases are required to be detected. The main objective of this study was to identifyasymptomatic malaria infection in a low transmission area in Rudan district, HormozganProvince, southern Iran.Methods: In this cross-sectional study a total of 200 blood samples were randomlycollected from symptomless residents of Rudan to evaluate Plasmodium infection ratewhere microscope, RDT and nested-PCR techniques were used.Results: According to the analysis of microscopic methods, RDT and Nested-PCR, noasymptomatic cases were seen among the participants.Conclusion: The results of this investigation reveal that Malaria Elimination Program isadministrable in Rudan district irrespective of low-parasitemia and asymptomatic cases.


Habibollah Turki

Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

Golsoom Rashid

Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

Mohammad Shekari

Molecular Medicine Research Center, Hormozgan Health Institute, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

Ahmad Raeisi

National Programme Manager for Malaria Control, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran