The Effect of Story Retelling Technique on Iranian Pre-intermediate EFL Students' Overall Speaking Ability and their Fluency and Accuracy

سال انتشار: 1394
نوع سند: مقاله کنفرانسی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 850

فایل این مقاله در 14 صفحه با فرمت PDF قابل دریافت می باشد

استخراج به نرم افزارهای پژوهشی:

لینک ثابت به این مقاله:

شناسه ملی سند علمی:

ELSCONF03_272

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 19 اردیبهشت 1395

چکیده مقاله:

Since speaking is important for most students, teachers should equip themselves with up- to - date techniques and methods of teaching this skill. One of these ways is using short story retelling technique (SSRT). This study aimed to investigate whether using SSRT improves students' overall speaking ability and their fluency and accuracy. Speaking English with a high level of accuracy means you speak correctly, with very few mistakes, while speaking fluently means you speak easily, quickly and with few pauses. For this purpose, 60 male and female pre-intermediate students from a private language institutes in Galikesh,Iran were chosen as the participants of the study. The students were considered homogeneous based on the placement test given by the institute. They were placed randomly in two groups, control group and experimental group. The study was based on pre-test and post-test quasi-experimental design. To ascertain the homogeneity of the participants in terms of speaking a picture description task was given to the participants at the beginning of the study. In pre-test the researcher used the picture description to elicit student's speech samples. The samples were rated based on Farhadi, Jafarpoor,and Birjandi(1994)'s scale. The students in the experimental group received the story retelling technique treatment for 8 sessions and teacher gave short stories to students and they should read and retell them based on what they had learned in retelling steps, while those in the control group continued in traditional way. Finalizing the treatment, the researcher gave the final exam, i.e., the same picture description to both groups. Finally the same speaking checklist was used to rate studentsspeaking fluency and grammatical accuracy. The intra-rater reliability for the pre-test and post-test scores were 0.93 and 0.91 respectively. At the end the researcher used independent sample t-test to analyze the data and compared the mean scores of students in pre-test and post-test and concluded that implementing 3rd Intternattiionall Conference on Applliied Research iin Language Sttudiies www.ELSconf.ir 2 story retelling technique can significantly promote the students' overall speaking ability and their fluency and accuracy. The results have some implications for teaching speaking in the Iranian EFL context.

کلیدواژه ها:

نویسندگان

Ashraf Aldaghi

Department of English Language Teaching, Golestan Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan,Iran

Behrooz Ghoorchaei

Behrooz Ghoorchaei, Assistant Professor in TEFL,Farhangian University

مراجع و منابع این مقاله:

لیست زیر مراجع و منابع استفاده شده در این مقاله را نمایش می دهد. این مراجع به صورت کاملا ماشینی و بر اساس هوش مصنوعی استخراج شده اند و لذا ممکن است دارای اشکالاتی باشند که به مرور زمان دقت استخراج این محتوا افزایش می یابد. مراجعی که مقالات مربوط به آنها در سیویلیکا نمایه شده و پیدا شده اند، به خود مقاله لینک شده اند :
  • Aliakbari, M., & Mohsennejad, E. (2014).The Effect of Story Retelling ...
  • Burns, A., Joce, H.(1997). Focus on Speaking. Sydney: National Centre ...
  • Chastain, K.(1988). Developing Seco nd-Language Skills:Theory and Practice.Third addition.San Diego ...
  • Deacon, B., & Murphey, T.(2001). Deep Impact Storytelling. Forum, vol. ...
  • Farhady, H., Ja'farpur, A. , & Birjandi, P. (2009). Testing ...
  • Gambrell, L. B, Koskinen, P.&Kapinus, B. A. (1 991).Retelling and ...
  • Ghiabi , Sh. (2014). Investignation the Effects of Story Retelling ...
  • Task VS. Story - Completion as an Open Task on ...
  • Hasani, N, M., Farida, M, A., & Zurina, S .K.(201 ...
  • Irsay, D. Fahmi, R., & Narius, D. (2013).Teach ing Speaking ...
  • Isbel, R.T.(2002). Telling and Retelling Stories: Learning language and Literacy. ...
  • Khisbulloh, D.(2012). Improving the Students Reading Comprehen sion through Retelling ...
  • T ulmu slimenGrob oGan 2012). 113, 8148. Jl. Tentara Pelajar ...
  • Laver, J.(1 994).Principle of Phonetics. _ US A, NewYork: Cambridge ...
  • Massa, K. (2008).Story Telling _ a Strategy to Increase Oral ...
  • Ph aiboonnugulkij , M. (2014). The Use of Retelling Stories ...
  • Sepahvand, H.(2014).The Effect of Oral Production of Short Stories On ...
  • Spencer, T., Slocum, T. (2010). The Effect Of a Narratie ...
  • Stoutz, S.(2011). Retelling Using Different Methods. http: / fisherpub. Sj ...
  • نمایش کامل مراجع