Typing and Evaluation of the Genetic Relatedness of Listeria monocytogenes Strains Isolated from Food Samples by the Multiple-Locus Variable number Tandem Repeat Analysis (MLVA)

سال انتشار: 1393
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 685

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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_IJMM-8-4_002

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 13 مرداد 1394

چکیده مقاله:

Background and Aim:Listeria monocytogenes cause listeriosis and fatal infections in humans. The aim of this study was typing and evaluation of the genetic relatedness of L. monocytogenes strains from food samples using MLVA technique. Materials and Methods: 317 food samples were collected from 2009 to 2013 in Tehran, Iran. After final diagnosis of L. monocytogenes DNA was extracted to perform of MLVA technique, and also PCR products were analyzed by Gene Tools software. The number of tandem repeats was determined by using special equation for each selected locus. Also typing of strains was done. Results: 24 samples of 317 food samples were positive for L. monocytogenes using standard laboratory techniques. A total 13 different types were determined by MLVA technique that type 2 and type 3 were the most abundant types by 6 and 4 strains, respectively.Conclusions: The results of this study showed the presence of L. monocytogenes in dairy products and meat samples, therefore all people, especially pregnant women should observe health tips when using these products. The results of typing showed that L. monocytogenes strains from different sources can have the same origin. MLVA technique is easy with high accuracy and this method can be used in typing and evaluation of the genetic relatedness of L. monocytogenes for determination the source of contamination.

کلیدواژه ها:

Listeria monocytogenes ، Dairy and meat samples ، MLVA

نویسندگان

Behrooz Sadeghi Kalani

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Gholamreza Irajian

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abbas Bahador

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abazar Pournajaf

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.