Awareness is a necessary component for behavioral changes, including behaviors
related to health and diseases. Society also plays the most important role in maintaining health. This research was conducted with the aim of investigating health-related behaviors
based on awareness, attitude and performance.This study was carried out using a descriptive-analytical method on ۷۰۰ studies from various articles and books between ۲۰۲۰ and ۲۰۲۳. The data collection method was a library. Data were analyzed using univariate and multivariate descriptive statistics.In this study, in general, the studies extracted about health care for diseases were weak in ۳۱.۶۰% of cases, ۴۰.۷۸% of studies about care for various diseases such as diabetes had a positive attitude, and ۳۰% of studies about care for Immunodeficiency diseases showed good performance. In the multivariate logistic regression model, there was a significant relationship between female gender and the level of awareness
with positive attitude in studies about health care of patients (p<۰.۰۵). Also, in the logistic regression multivariate model, there was only a significant relationship between attitude and performance
(p<۰.۰۵).Based on the results of this study, teaching people about the importance of health care for various diseases should be done continuously in line with individual needs so that various disease prevention programs are successful.