The Impact of COVID-۱۹ (SARS-CoV-۲) Virus Infection on the Endocrine System: A Review Study

سال انتشار: 1401
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 118

فایل این مقاله در 14 صفحه با فرمت PDF قابل دریافت می باشد

استخراج به نرم افزارهای پژوهشی:

لینک ثابت به این مقاله:

شناسه ملی سند علمی:


تاریخ نمایه سازی: 3 آبان 1401

چکیده مقاله:

The global coronavirus disease ۲۰۱۹ (COVID-۱۹) pandemic is rapidly growing, and high mortality rates are reported in this regard. Coronaviruses are known to cause multi-organ system damage. Few data are available on the impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus ۲ (SARS-CoV-۲) on different endocrine glands. As angiotensin-converting enzyme-۲ (ACE۲) receptor is extensively expressed in the endocrine organs, and thus several important questions have arisen regarding whether the function of the endocrine organ changes in COVID-۱۹ disease and patients with the SARS-CoV-۲ infection develop endocrine disorders. Databases including PubMed, Web of Sciences, Scopus, and Google Scholar were searched for studies published from ۱۹۹۶ to February ۱۵, ۲۰۲۱. New-onset diabetes mellitus has been reported by different studies at rates ranging from ۵.۸% to ۳۵%. Hypercortisolism in admission time could predict disease severity. Tissues from the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland in animals are rich in ACE۲, and some endocrinopathy may be secondary. Thyroiditis and thyrotoxicosis have also been recognized in the COVID-۱۹ infection. Hypocalcemia and vitamin D deficiency may be correlated with disproportionate parathormone levels. Patients with decreased serum calcium levels had worse clinical variables and higher incidences of complications such as septic shock. Men are more susceptible to hypogonadism, and differences in the COVID-۱۹ infection and mortality rates between males and females are due to the differential effects of estradiol and testosterone on the immune system. Considering that different glands have the ACE۲ receptor, the coronavirus may be able to alter their function. Hence, this review mainly focused on COVID-۱۹-associated endocrinopathy.


Fariba Azarkish

نویسنده اول

Iman Halvaei

نویسنده دوم

Haniyeh Kazemi

نویسنده سوم

Aghdas Dehghani

نویسنده چهارم

Masoumeh Kheirandish

نویسنده پنجم

Shahla Sohrabipour

نویسنده مسئول