Dairy long-term intake guideline for the prevention of cardiovascular disease: A population-based cohort study from Eastern Mediterranean Regional (EMR)

سال انتشار: 1401
نوع سند: مقاله کنفرانسی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 69

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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

HWCONF09_053

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 3 مرداد 1401

چکیده مقاله:

Background: Despite the common belief that recommended whole-fat dairy products, a reasonable intake of dairy fat may also lower the risk of heart disease. This study was examined the relationship between high-fat dairy beside low-fat and total dairy with major cardiovascular events.Methods: multivariate analysis with the Cox regression model was used and HRs with ۹۵% CIs are calculated in each quartile and the zero consumption was used as the reference group. The major outcomes were cardiovascular events (CVD, IHD, and stroke)Results: Total dairy more than five servings per week was related to a lower risk of CVD (HR: ۰.۷۵; ۹۵% CI ۰.۵۳–۰.۹۹; p trend=۰.۰۲), and serving ۳-۵ was related to a lower risk of stroke (۰.۳۵, ۰.۱۵–۰.۸۹; p trend=۰.۰۵). About high-fat dairy, intake of ۳-۵ servings per week can reduce the risk of stroke (HR: ۰.۶۷; ۹۵% CI ۰.۴۲–۰.۸۹; p trend=۰.۰۴), and similar associations were observed in serving less than ۳. Also, a lower risk of CVD was observed in the consumption of < ۳ servings of high-fat dairy (۰.۸۰, ۰.۶۲–۰.۹۸; p trend=۰.۰۳). A three-five serving of low-fat dairy only reduced the risk of CVD (HR: ۰.۶۴; ۹۵% CI ۰.۴۰–۰.۹۸; p trend=۰.۰۳), and similarly, for the intake of < ۳ compared with zero intakes.Conclusion: Dairy product intake has a beneficial effect on reducing the risk of major cardiovascular disease events especially CVD and stroke.

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نویسندگان

Raheleh Karimi

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Shaghayegh Haghjooye Javanmard

Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, I.R. Iran

Razieh Hassannejad

Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Hamidreza Roohafza

Cardiac Rehabilitation Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Noushin Mohammadifard

Hypertension Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Masoumeh Sadeghi

Cardiac Rehabilitation Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran