Active Flow Control at the Rear End of a Generic Car Model Using Steady Blowing

سال انتشار: 1393
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 74

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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_JAFM-7-4_002

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 5 بهمن 1400

چکیده مقاله:

Numerous aerodynamic designs of automotive vehicle have been made to reduce aerodynamic drag for lower fuel consumption. Indeed, automotive industry was primarily interested in the passive control based on the shape changes. But, as shape modifications are limited by several factors, this industry is recently more focused on active flow control. In this experimental investigation, the influence of continuous blowing along the sharp edge between the roof and the rear window is addressed. This actuation represents a new configuration based on a steady blowing tangentially to the surface of the rear window of the ۲۵ slanted Ahmed body model. The study was carried out in a wind tunnel at Reynolds numbers based on the model length up to ۲:۷۸۱۰۶. The actuation leads to a maximum drag reduction slightly upper than ۱۰% obtained with a Reynolds number of ۱:۷۴ ۱۰۶ and a blowing velocity of ۰:۶۵V۰, where V۰ is the freestream velocity. Reductions between ۶% and ۷% were obtained for the other studied cases. These aerodynamic drag measurements were used to evaluate the actuator efficiency which reveals a maximum efficiency of ۹. Visualizations show that tangential steady blowing increase the separated region on the rear window and consequently disrupt the development of the counter-rotating longitudinal vortices appearing on the lateral edges of the rear window. It is also noted that the flow is reattached to the upper half of the rear window. As the actuation occurred directly on the recirculation region at the top of the rear window wall, the flow control was seen very effective.

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نویسندگان

R. Mestiri

LESTE, Ecole Nationale d’Ing´enieurs de Monastir, Tunisie

A. Ahmed-Bensoltane

Ecole Sup´erieure des Techniques de l’A´eronautique, Alger, Algerie

L. Keirsbulck

TEMPO, EA ۴۵۴۲, ۵۹۳۱۳ Valenciennes, Universit´e Lille Nord de France

F. Aloui

TEMPO, EA ۴۵۴۲, ۵۹۳۱۳ Valenciennes, Universit´e Lille Nord de France

L. Labraga

TEMPO, EA ۴۵۴۲, ۵۹۳۱۳ Valenciennes, Universit´e Lille Nord de France