Applications of Membrane Processes in Treatment of Municipal Wastewater

سال انتشار: 1382
نوع سند: مقاله کنفرانسی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 1,614

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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

ICCE06_429_8096317530

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 25 مهر 1384

چکیده مقاله:

A membrane bioreactor (MBR) is the combination of a membrane module and a bioreactor, which can retain high concentrations of mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS)in the aeration tank. This results in a number of benefits, such as, lower sludge wastage rate, smaller aeration tank volume and higher ability to withstand shock loading.In a crossflow MBR, the membrane module is placed outside the bioreactor and the mixed liquor is driven into the membrane module. With the crossflow filtration, it is intended to eliminate or minimize the filter cake from being built up, by creating a shear force. Shear lysis of microbial flocks due to high shear forces induced by the crossflow velocity and high-energy costs resulted in adopting immersed membrane bioreactor. In an immersed MBR, the membrane module is immersed inside the aeration tank and the mixed liquor is generally sucked from the effluent side. Build-up of the cake layer is often removed by the uplifting airflow from aerators.Recent advancements in membrane technology has given an impetus to the development of membrane bioreactor for the treatment of municipal wastewater. In this paper, the trends in the municipal wastewater treatment with the application of both crossflow MBR and immersed MBR will be reviewed. The paper will also highlight advantages, disadvantages, suitability, and efficiencies of the membrane processes to treat municipal wastewater.

نویسندگان

Muhammad H Al-Malack

Civil Engineering Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Box ۱۱۵۰ Dhahran ۳۱۲۶۱, Saudi Arabia

Iqbal K. Basha

Civil Engineering Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran ۳۱۲۶۱, Saudi Arabia

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