Evaluation of cardiovascular and respiratory mortality attributed to atmospheric SO2 and CO using AirQ model

سال انتشار: 1396
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 483

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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_EHEM-4-2_005

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 6 شهریور 1396

چکیده مقاله:

Background: Air pollutants have multiple adverse effects on human health. In this study, the health effects of exposure to carbon monoxide (CO) and SO2 in the air of 6 Iranian metropolises in 2011-2012 wereexamined. Methods: Raw data was collected from the Iranian Department of Environment and the Iran Meteorological Organization. After validation, the required statistical indices were calculated through programming andmodifying temperature and pressure in Excel software. The output of Excel was given to the AirQ model, and the results were presented as the cases of death. Results: The annual mean concentrations of SO2 were 2.45, 1.55, 0.6, 0.55, 1.05, and 3.8 times higher thanthe guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO) (20 μg/m3) in Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, Shiraz, Tabriz, and Urmia, respectively. The concentrations of CO did not exceed the standard limit in any of thestudied cities. The cumulative numbers of total deaths attributed to SO2 were 744, 122, 132, 44, 37, and 107 in Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, Shiraz, Tabriz, and Urmia, respectively. The highest mortality rate was found in Urmia at 2.9% followed by Tehran at 1.52%; the lowest rate of 0.46% was found in Tabriz. Conclusion: The results show that of the 6 metropolises, the highest CO mortality rate of about 2.15% belonged to Isfahan followed by Arak with about 1.38%, and the lowest rate of 0.68% belonged to Mashhad. Because of the growing trend of air pollution and its mortality rate and adverse effects, practical solutions for the control and reduction of air pollution in Iranian metropolises are necessary

کلیدواژه ها:

نویسندگان

Majid Kermani

Associate Professor of Environmental Health Engineering, Research Center for Environmental Health Technology, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Associate Professor of Environmental Health Engineering, Department of

Mohsen Dowlati

MSc of Environmental Health Engineering, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran MSc of Environmental Health Engineering, Research Center for Environmental Health Technolog

Sevda Fallah Jokandan

MSc of Environmental Health Engineering, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Mina Aghaei

PhD Student of Environmental Health Engineering, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health,Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran