CIVILICA We Respect the Science
(ناشر تخصصی کنفرانسهای کشور / شماره مجوز انتشارات از وزارت فرهنگ و ارشاد اسلامی: ۸۹۷۱)

The changes of population pyramid in Iran and its impact on supportive coverage of social security organization

عنوان مقاله: The changes of population pyramid in Iran and its impact on supportive coverage of social security organization
شناسه (COI) مقاله: ICOAC01_059
منتشر شده در ششمین کنفرانس بین المللی اقتصاد، مدیریت و علوم مهندسی در سال 1394
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Fakhreddin safaee far - Iranian social security organization

خلاصه مقاله:
At the present time ,the status quo of the population in Iran in its best condition through the perspective of the interests of pension organizations. Approximately , 60%of the populationis within the range of employment age; but the situation will change and the age trend of the population will move towards the middle age and aging .As a result, the age pyramid in Iranwill witness the fundamental changes . Population estimates indicate the fast growth of thenumber of the aged people up to 2050 and the fundamental changes will happen in the population pyramid up to this date , and the size of the middle section of the pyramid,indicating the active population and the labor force, will be reduced . On the contrary, the volume of the upper part of the pyramid, indicating the aged population will be increased , and the peak age will reach 55-65 Years of age. On the other hand , the number of the young population will decrease gradually; that is a major challenge for the pension organizations such as the social security organizations in thefuture. These population Changes should be taken into account immediately and the proper measures should be adopted to prevent the growing number of pensioners and to increase theresources in the years to come. Given the economic and social situation of the country,implementing the systematic and parametric change in the retirement schemes is not possible .As a matter of fact , the economic and living conditions of workers do not allow the rise inthe rate of pension related deductions as well as the retirement age .Moreover , the society is not ready to accept any reforms in the retirement schemes. Therefore , with regard to the newly established conditions in economy and society leading tothe gradual arrival of many people into the labor market and significant rise in the number of active force , the social security organizations should take advantage of this opportunity. The existence of labor force and employment gives the organization a unique change to increase the number of insured and promote the coverage rate .

کلمات کلیدی:
population pyramid, Aging of Population, social security coverage

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