A Examine the Effects of R&D and Human Capital on Export of Iran

سال انتشار: 1394
نوع سند: مقاله کنفرانسی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 740

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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

CICRE01_032

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 25 بهمن 1394

چکیده مقاله:

Export for any country as the driving force of the economy, is a factor for progress and has many advantages. Among them can be mention the creation of income to meet the needs of the importing country or programs, economic development, job creation or new job opportunities, improving the quality of manufactured goods, lower production costs, because taking advantage of the full capacity of production and gain international prestige to strengthen the country's economy. Exports also acts as a channel for technology transfer and knowledge to differentiate products and improve product design ideas. This is an important economic factor, which provides opportunities for the exploitation of successful research, and increases the incentives for investment in R&D and encourages technical innovation and the development of markets. For this purpose, this study tries investigates the effects of R&D and human capital on export of Iran in the period 1975-2012 using OLS methods. The results show that R&D has a significant and positive effect on export, so that 1 percent increasing of its value, export 0/33 percent increased. Also, human capital has a positive impact on export. It can be said that 1 percent increase in the human capital, export 0/58 percent increased.

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نویسندگان

Arash Ketabforoush Badri

PhD student of Economics, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin,Iran

Ramin Yahyavi

Master of Education Management, Faculty of Management, Marand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marand, Iran

Mostafa Pourebrahim

Master of Economics, Department of Economics, College of Economics, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

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