Estimation of ozone content employing ground- based UV measurements over Baghdad City, Iraq

سال انتشار: 1401
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 35

فایل این مقاله در 9 صفحه با فرمت PDF قابل دریافت می باشد

استخراج به نرم افزارهای پژوهشی:

لینک ثابت به این مقاله:

شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_CJES-20-4_009

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 31 خرداد 1403

چکیده مقاله:

In terms of surface temperature control, ozone is a greenhouse gas that has a significant influence on weather and climate system regulation. O۳ absorbs the visible and ultraviolet region of the spectrum solar radiation, leading to a variation in the electronic energy of the molecule. The more powerful absorption occurs in UV rays, with lower absorption in the visible region. O۳ may absorb the infrared (IR rays) of the earth's atmospheric system. The methods used in the present study were based on ground-based UV measurements over Baghdad City- Iraq, where the considered UV radiation values were measured every ۱۰ minutes during the period from October ۲۰۱۴ to December ۲۰۱۵. The sun radiation was measured by a station located at Mustansiriyah University in Iraq (۳۳º۰۸’۴۴” N; ۴۴º۰۵’۵۳” E; altitude ۳۴ m). The results showed a positive direct relationship between the ultraviolet B (UV-B) and Global Solar Radiation (G) for hourly values in Baghdad, with a correlation coefficient of R = ۰.۸۸۵, and the UV levels rise with an increase in G. As a result, an empirical relationship association between them were established. In all areas of correlation relationship, the Determination Coefficient (R۲) of the two variables was greater than ۰.۹۸. With a good agreement between calculated values of hourly UV (UVe), and corresponding measured values (UVm), correlation coefficient R = ۰.۹۴. Calculated linear regression accounted for ۹۰ % of the variance. So, the results of the UV-G relationship may be used to estimate UV-B values for measurements taken over a period of time at the Mustansiriyah site, for values that are difficult to measure, or for any place in Baghdad or the central area of Iraq, or sites with comparable climates.

کلیدواژه ها:

نویسندگان

Basim I. Wahab

Department of Atmospheric Science, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq

مراجع و منابع این مقاله:

لیست زیر مراجع و منابع استفاده شده در این مقاله را نمایش می دهد. این مراجع به صورت کاملا ماشینی و بر اساس هوش مصنوعی استخراج شده اند و لذا ممکن است دارای اشکالاتی باشند که به مرور زمان دقت استخراج این محتوا افزایش می یابد. مراجعی که مقالات مربوط به آنها در سیویلیکا نمایه شده و پیدا شده اند، به خود مقاله لینک شده اند :
  • Al Salihi, AM ۲۰۰۹, Total ozone column variation over Baghdad ...
  • Al Salihi, AM ۲۰۱۱, Spectral analysis of total ozone column ...
  • Al Salihi, AM, Hassan, ZM, Gangani, BJ, Parsania, PH, Hashim, ...
  • Ali, QAU ۲۰۱۵, Evaluation of the correlation between Ultraviolet and ...
  • Al Salihi, AM & ABDULATIF, SH ۲۰۱۶, Analysis Global and ...
  • Atlas, C ۲۰۱۸, Maps of precipitation rate and some meteorological ...
  • Demirhan, D, Kahya, C, Topcu, S & Incecik, S ۲۰۰۵, ...
  • El Noubi, E ۲۰۰۶, Surface ultraviolet radiation measurements in Qena, ...
  • Fahey, DW & Hegglin, MI ۲۰۱۰, Twenty questions and answers ...
  • Frederick, JE, Slusser, JR & Bigelow, DS ۲۰۰۰, Annual and ...
  • Gaur, A, Tripathi, S, Kanawade, V, Tare, V & Shukla, ...
  • Hassan, IA, Basahi, JM, Ismail, IM & Habeebullah, TM ۲۰۱۳, ...
  • Hegglin, MI, Fahey, DW, Mcfarland, M, Montzka, SA & Nash, ...
  • Karavana Papadimou, K, Psiloglou, B, Lykoudis, S & Kambezidis, H ...
  • Kipp & Zonen ۲۰۰۰a, CNR۱ net radiometer: Instruction manual. Kipp ...
  • Komala, N. & Ambarsari, N ۲۰۱۸. Seasonal Variability Of Ozone ...
  • Lefohn, AS,Wernli, H, Shadwick, D, Limbach, S, Oltmans, SJ & ...
  • Mckenzie, RL, Aucamp, PJ, Bais, AF, Björn, LO, Ilyas, M ...
  • Nozawa, H, Yamamoto, H, Makita, K, Schuch, NJ, Pinheiro, DK, ...
  • Organization, WH & Organization, WH ۲۰۱۰, Ultraviolet radiation and the ...
  • Organization, WH & Protection, ICONIR ۲۰۰۲, Global solar UV index: ...
  • Pancholi, P, Kumar, A, Bikundia, DS & Chourasiya, S ۲۰۱۸, ...
  • Preez, DJD, Ajtić, JV, Bencherif, H, Bègue, N, Cadet, JM ...
  • Rabee, AM ۲۰۱۵, Estimating the health risks associated with air ...
  • Reddy, BSK, Kumar, KR, Balakrishnaiah, G, Gopal, KR, Reddy, R, ...
  • Robaa, S ۲۰۰۴, A study of ultraviolet solar radiation at ...
  • Sadanaga, Y, Shibata, S, Hamana, M, Takenaka, N & Bandow, ...
  • Santos, JB, Villán, DM & Castrillo, ADM ۲۰۱۱, Analysis and ...
  • Taalas, P, Amanatidis, GT & Heikkilä, A ۲۰۰۰, European conference ...
  • Xu, J, Zhang, X, Xu, X, Zhao, X, Meng, W ...
  • نمایش کامل مراجع