The Anthropological Fundamentals of Self-Awareness and its Educational Functions according to the Holy Quran

سال انتشار: 1403
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: فارسی
مشاهده: 63

فایل این مقاله در 20 صفحه با فرمت PDF قابل دریافت می باشد

استخراج به نرم افزارهای پژوهشی:

لینک ثابت به این مقاله:

شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_RJQK-15-56_004

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 19 اردیبهشت 1403

چکیده مقاله:

Self-awareness is one of the key issues in life that every individual must possess for progress and advancement in their lives. It is highlighted in the Quran with terms such as insight and self-forgetfulness, and it is based on theological, ontological, and anthropological foundations. Each of these foundations has educational effects. The present study discusses the anthropological foundations of self-awareness in dimensions such as insight, orientation, and values, and aims to address the following questions: What are the cognitive foundations of self-awareness in the Quran, and what are their educational functions? What are the orientation foundations of self-awareness in the Quran, and what are their educational functions? What are the values foundations of self-awareness in the Quran, and what are their educational functions? Background Regarding the significant importance of this research, numerous activities have been carried out in the field of psychology with a religious approach, such as the book "Comparative Self-Awareness from the Perspective of Islam and Psychology" by Fatemeh Esfandiari, the book "Self-Awareness" by Samad Shah Mohammadi, the book "Self-Awareness and Self-Management" by Masoud Noorali Zadeh, the book "From Self-Awareness to Self-Knowledge" by Shahrbano Ghahhari, and articles like "The Relationship between Self-Awareness and God-Awareness" by Noorali Zadeh Miyaneji, Bashiri, and Jan Bozorgi in the Psychology and Religion Journal, no.۱۹, article on the effectiveness of teaching self-awareness from the perspective of Islamic teachings on reducing students' psychological pressure by Amir Hossein Mousavi in the Psychology Studies Journal, no. ۳۰, article on self-awareness and its educational functions in improving human social relationships in the Quran and Hadith by Fatemeh Saifali'i in issue ۲ of volume ۲ of the Journal of Educational Teachings in the Quran and Hadith, and others. However, no work has yet delved into the Quranic foundations that provide a fundamental and root-based look at this issue and its educational effects. It seems that this article may be the first work to address this topic. Methodology In this research, a descriptive-analytical method has been used to evaluate and analyze the main concepts including various dimensions of cognitive human foundations, self-awareness, and their educational effects in detail. This analytical method allows us to delve into a better understanding of the cognitive human foundations in dimensions such as attitude, orientation, values, self-awareness, and their educational effects from the perspective of the Holy Quran. General Research Findings Cognitive human foundations of self-awareness in the Quran are divided into attitude, orientation, and values foundations. The dual existence of human from body and soul, human's free will, and purposefulness are among the most important attitude foundations that significantly impact the fulfilling self-awareness and have educational effects such as attention to physical and spiritual dimensions, assisting human in the path of perfection, and enhancing human resilience, patience, and self-esteem. Purposefulness is directly related to self-awareness because without self-awareness, achieving one's goals and ultimate purpose is not possible, and without consideration of the hearafter, reaching the final goal is not achievable. Human nature and pure temperament, awareness of capacities, abilities, and shortcomings are among the most vital orientation cognitive human foundations that have a significant impact on the realization of self-awareness and have educational functions such as awareness of capacities, talents, and shortcomings as the starting point of self-awareness, recognizing capacities and shortcomings leading to strengthening confidence, increasing self-belief, and self-awareness. Human dignity, caliphate, and vicegerency of God are among the crucial values-based cognitive human foundations, each of which has a direct relationship with self-awareness and results in feelings of worthiness, self-esteem, and social status in society. Final Conclusion Cognitive human foundations of self-awareness in the Quran are divided into attitude, orientation, and values foundations, each of which has educational effects.

نویسندگان

enayat sharifi

Associate Professor, Department of Islamic Studies, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran

Hossein Sharifi

Member of the Faculty of Political Science, Islamic Azad University, Rasht Branch, Gilan-Iran