Prevalence of specific immunoglobulin E and G against Aspergillus fumigatus in patients with asthma

سال انتشار: 1397
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: انگلیسی
مشاهده: 72

فایل این مقاله در 5 صفحه با فرمت PDF قابل دریافت می باشد

استخراج به نرم افزارهای پژوهشی:

لینک ثابت به این مقاله:

شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_CUMM-4-4_002

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 11 آذر 1402

چکیده مقاله:

Background and Purpose: Aspergillus fumigatus as a ubiquitous fungus can be found in the respiratory tract of the asthmatic and healthy people. The inhalation of Aspergillus spores leads to an immune response in individuals with asthma and results in the aggravation of the clinical symptoms. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of specific immunoglobulin E and G (IgE and IgG) against A.fumigatus in asthmatic patients. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on ۲۰۰ consecutive patients with moderate to severe asthma referring to Masih Daneshvari hospital Tehran, Iran, from January ۲۰۱۶ to February ۲۰۱۸. Skin prick test (SPT) was performed in all subjects with Aspergillus allergens. Moreover, all patients underwent specific IgE testing for Aspergillus using Hycor method. Enzyme immune assay was applied to measure total IgE and Aspergillus-specific IgG. Results: According to the results, the mean age of the patients was ۴۵.۸ years (age range: ۱۸-۷۸ years). The mean levels of total IgE and Aspergillus specific IgE in asthmatic patients were obtained as ۳۱۶.۳ (range: ۶-۱۳۰۰ IU/ml) and ۱.۵ (range: ۰.۱- ۶۱.۳ IU/ml), respectively. Out of ۲۰۰ patients, ۲۷ (۱۳.۵%), ۶۵ (۳۲.۵%), ۲۲ (۱۱.۰%), and ۸۶ (۴۳.۰%) cases had positive Aspergillus SPT, total IgE of > ۴۱۷ IU/ml, Aspergillus-specific IgE, and IgG, respectively. The level of these variables in patients with severe asthma were ۱۶ (۱۶.۵%), ۳۶ (۳۷.۱%), ۱۵ (۱۵.۵%), and ۴۶ (۴۷.۴%), respectively. Conclusion: As the findings indicated, reactivity to Aspergillus is a remarkable phenomenon in asthmatic patients. It is also emphasised that the climatic condition may affect the positive rate of hypersensitivity to Aspergillus.

نویسندگان

Newsha Hedayati

Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Vida Mortezaee

Student Research Committee, Invasive Fungi Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Seyed Alireza Mahdaviani

Pediatric Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Maryam Sadat Mirenayat

Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NIRTLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Maryam Hassanzad

Pediatric Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Mihan Pourabdollah

Pediatric Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Jalal Heshmatnia

Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NIRTLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Atefeh Fakharian

Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NIRTLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Guitti Pourdolat

Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NIRTLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Somayeh Sharifynia

Clinical Tuberculosis and Epidemiology Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Mahshid Vakili

Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Mahdi Abastabar

Invasive fungi research center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Hossein Asgarian-Omran

Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Mohammad T. Hedayati

Invasive fungi research center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran