Evaluation of fumigant toxicity of prepared formulations from Artemisia sieberi (Compositae) essential oil on Sitophilus oryzae (Col.: Curculionidae)

سال انتشار:

1400

نوع سند:

مقاله کنفرانسی

زبان:

انگلیسی

مشاهده:

60

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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

MPMPA01_189

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 30 تیر 1401

چکیده مقاله:

Nowadays the increased pest resistance to chemical pesticides and the pesticides residues in food, together with the toxic effects of pesticides on mammals and the environment, necessitates the use of newer and safer alternatives for controlling insect pests. The use of encapsulation technology for pesticides formulation has led to increase efficiency and control release of these substances. In this study, bio formulations, containing Artemisia sieberi Besser essential oil based on biodegradable polymers such as polyethylene glycol, starch and maltodextrin were prepared as powder and pellet. These formulations are different in the amount and type of polymers and surfactants. Also, these formulations are combined with a different rotation speed of the homogenizer. In this study, fumigant toxicity of these formulations was compared with the ordinary essential oil. The experiments were carried out on adult stage of rice weevil at ۲۷ ± ۱ ° C, ۷۰ ± ۵ % RH and in total darkness condition. The results showed that the LC۵۰ of the essential oil after ۷۲ hours was ۱۱.۲۴ ppm, while the LC۵۰ of formulations ۱ to ۴ were ۴۷.۶۱, ۵۷.۵۵, ۲۳.۹۴ and ۴۴.۶۶ ppm, respectively. Therefore, the encapsulation of plant essential oils as a safe pesticide with slow release and fumigant toxicity can be used in stock pest managements

نویسندگان

Maryam Negahban

Agricultural Research Education and Extention Organization, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Pesticide Research Department, Tehran, Iran

ElhamShahinfar
Elham Shahinfar

Department of Plant Protection, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Ahmad Heydari

Agricultural Research Education and Extention Organization, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Pesticide Research Department, Tehran, Iran

SohrabImani
Sohrab Imani

Department of Plant Protection, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran